About 20 million people do live in the country, and almost half of them in the regions of Santiago and Valparaiso.
The Chileans “at the end of the world” are decent, but curious and interested in foreign visitors. “Where do you come from?”, “Where do you go?”, “Do you like Chile?” are common questions. You will be surprised by the hospitality and friendliness of Chileans. Chileans in general are always good for a joke and enjoy company and talking with you.
They are called the “Prussians of South America”, but punctuality isn’t their typical attribute. Appointments are often delayed at least 15 minutes, but buses and planes are relatively punctual.
The composition of the population is ethnical and cultural more homogenous than in other Latin American countries. The majority are with around 70% mestizos (mix between Europeans and the Original people). The amount of Chileans with solely European ancestors is around 25%. Another part of the Chilean population do consist of the aboriginal peoples as the Aymara, the Atacameños, the Rapa Nui, Mapuches, Huilliches, Pewenches, Kawashkar und Yaganes.
Some of the Mapuche resisted successfully the Spanish until late in the 19th century.
Traditionally the Mapuche lived in “rukas”, houses out of clay and wood without soil and window and with an entrance always showing to the East.
The Chileans are proud of their world stars like Pablo Neruda and Gabriela Mistral (Nobel Prize winners in literature), Fernando Gonzalez and Nicolás Massú (Olympic champions in tennis), half of the population of Salvador Allende (ex-president) and his niece Isabel (writer), Victor Jara (singer), their saints Teresa of the Andes and Father Hurtado as well as of course of their national football team.